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  • Writer's pictureJan Weihl

Dual Fulfillment (Jeremiah 30)

I think one of the challenges in understanding the Old Testament prophecies is to realize they are often dual fulfillments; prophecies about a near fulfillment and an event far in the future, at the same time. That's what we see in Jeremiah 30 and it's amazing!


Jeremiah prophesied from 627-586 BC. So when he started prophesying to Judah, he said repent or God's going to send Babylon to destroy you and take you captive for 70 years.


Babylon came, besieged Jerusalem, took captives in 605 BC and 597 BC, and then destroyed Jerusalem and the temple in 586 BC, just as Jeremiah had prophesied.


But Jeremiah's prophecies didn't stop with the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BC. He also prophesied about the future seven year Tribulation period in which God would bring judgment on the Jews for refusing to trust in Him, refusing to believe in Jesus, their Messiah. That's why this seven year period, which is still future to our time today, is referred to as "the time of Jacob's trouble" here in Jeremiah.


Jeremiah 30:5-9 For thus says the Lord: ‘We have heard a voice of trembling, of fear, and not of peace. [6] Ask now, and see, whether a man is ever in labor with child? So why do I see every man with his hands on his loins like a woman in labor, and all faces turned pale? [7] Alas! For that day is great, so that none is like it; and it is the time of Jacob’s trouble, but he shall be saved out of it. [8] ‘For it shall come to pass in that day,’ says the Lord of hosts, ‘That I will break his yoke from your neck, and will burst your bonds; foreigners shall no more enslave them. [9] But they shall serve the Lord their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up for them.


But it won't be just unbelieving Jews who experience the future seven year Tribulation, the time of Jacob's trouble. The unbelieving Gentiles, will also go through this final period of God's judgment on the earth:


Joel 3:2 I will also gather all nations, and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; and I will enter into judgment with them there on account of My people, My heritage Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations; they have also divided up My land.


Yet as scary as this future period of judgment sounds as we read the in depth description of it in Revelation 6-19, God also gives a message of hope and restoration throughout Scripture and here, through the prophet Jeremiah:


Jeremiah 32:38-39 [38] They shall be My people, and I will be their God; [39] then I will give them one heart and one way, that they may fear Me forever, for the good of them and their children after them.


When we look at these past prophecies by Jeremiah, Joel, and the other prophets, it's clear that God gave warnings and then did exactly what He said He would do. We also see that God gave promises and kept His promises just exactly as He said He would do.


So we can count on the fact that the prophecies still in the future, both warnings and promises, will be fulfilled just exactly as God said they would be.


Are you ready for the next set of prophecies to be fulfilled? Do you know what's coming next on the Biblical timeline and how to prepare for it?


Dear Lord, Thank you for your warnings and your promises. Thank you that Your Word can always be counted on. Thank you for the way You spoke through your prophets in the past to prepare us for the fulfillment of your prophecies in the future.


Lord, please help me keep digging into Your Word so that I will not be deceived, so that I can be prepared for what is yet to come, and so that I can help others understand and prepare. Lord, thank you for loving me in spite of my sins, forgiving me when I do not deserve forgiveness, and promising eternal life to me through Jesus my Lord.


Lord, I pray that even today, if anyone is reading this who has not yet repented of their sins and trusted in Jesus, that they would do that today and that they would begin to invest time in Your Word so that they are fully prepared for the fulfillment of your future prophecies and ready for your imminent return. In Jesus' holy name I pray. Amen.



Jan Weihl

Living Word Ministries

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